Delphi Programming Interview Preparation Guide
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Delphi Programming Interview Questions and Answers will guide us not that Object Pascal refers to a branch of object-oriented derivatives of Pascal, mostly known as the primary programming language of Delphi. Pascal compilers, including those for Object Pascal, generally run very fast while producing highly optimized code. Learn Delphi Programming by this Delphi Programming Interview Questions with Answers guide

31 Delphi Questions and Answers:

1 :: What is Delphi?

Delphi is a product of Borland International. It is a native code compiler that runs under Windows 3.1 and provides visual programming tools somewhat similar to those found in Microsoft Visual Basic 3.0. The underlying language is Object Pascal, which is an extension of the object-oriented Pascal found in Turbo/Borland Pascal starting with version 5.5.

2 :: What versions of Delphi are there?

Delphi has been available in beta-test for many months now, and Borland has also given away a large number of "prerelease" copies. As far as the official release is concerned, though, there are two packages: Delphi (sometimes referred to as Delphi Desktop) and Delphi Client/Server. Both are version 1.0.

3 :: What operating systems does Delphi support?

The only version of Delphi that has been released is for Windows 3.1. There is no reason why it should not run correctly under systems that provide Windows 3.1 emulation, like OS/2 Warp, Windows NT, etc. Borland has announced plans for a 32-bit version to coincide with Windows 95. It is rumored that this might be a free upgrade to users of Delphi 1.0, but I wouldn't count on it. It is also known that Delphi 1.0 does not run correctly on the prerelease version of Windows 95.

Applications built in Delphi are Windows 3.1, 16-bit applications. However, Borland has stated that existing Delphi applications will compile unmodified in 32-bit Delphi.

4 :: How much disk space, memory, etc, do I need to run Delphi?

The minimum installation of Delphi takes about 30Mb, and the full install takes 80Mb. In order to run it well, you'll need a 486 with a minimum of 8Mb of RAM, though I personally wouldn't try to run it in less than about 12Mb. I use a 486DX2/66 at home and a Pentium-90 at work, and to be honest, there's not much difference between them--Delphi's compiles are so fast that the CPU is really not a bottleneck.

5 :: How tough is it to learn Delphi?

If you're lucky, you already have lots of experience with both Object Pascal (or, as it used to be called, Borland Pascal With Objects--essentially, Turbo Pascal v5.5 or later) and with Visual Basic. If you fit this description, then Delphi will be a breeze for you.

Okay, now for everyone else. In order to make full use of the Delphi environment, you have to know Pascal, you have to have some grasp of object orientation, and you have to understand event-driven programming. Once you're over those three hurdles, you've pretty much got it. See section 5 for more information.

On the other hand, most people don't need to make "full" use of the environment. If you just want to pull a simple application together that doesn't do anything too fancy, Delphi shouldn't be any harder to learn than VB--it's just that there's a whole lot more you *can* do in Delphi, which will make you feel more lost than you really are.

6 :: What is the difference between Delphi and Delphi Client/Server?

Delphi Client/Server includes everything from Delphi Desktop, plus the following:

- SQL-Links 2.5, which includes native client drivers for Oracle, Sybase, Informix, and InterBase, and includes full royalty-free redistribution rights to those drivers, and which costs $995 if bought separately;
- The Local InterBase Deployment Kit, $495 ;
- ReportSmith/SQL, $300;
- "Team development support" -- interoperation with PVCS (obviously, this is no use to you if you don't own PVCS), not available separately;
- The visual query builder, which creates SQL statements for you, also not available separately;
- The VCL source code, which is available separately for $100.

7 :: Can we write multi-user database applications in regular Delphi?

Using regular, non-client/server Delphi, I have developed an application that talks to a Sybase server using ODBC drivers. I didn't have to go to any serious trouble getting it to work, and data access speed is quite acceptable, better than it was under Visual Basic.

8 :: What is the history of Delphi?

Delphi is the descendant of Turbo Pascal, which was first released in 1983 for the CP/M operating system. Turbo Pascal was ported to MS-DOS in early 1984. During the early history of the IBM PC, Turbo Pascal was arguably the most popular language for serious development work--mostly because it was a real compiler, including the program editor and everything, that cost $19.95 and would run on a 64k machine. Borland introduced Turbo Pascal for Windows in 1990. The latest release of Borland Pascal (as it is now called), not including Delphi, was version 7.0 in late 1992.

9 :: Where can I get a copy of Delphi?

If you are in the US, You can order Delphi Desktop on CD-ROM for an introductory price of $199 by calling Borland's credit card order desk at 1-800-331-0877. If you are a registered user of any version of Turbo Pascal or Borland Pascal, you qualify for an upgrade price of $149, and you can also buy the Visual Component Library Source Code for $49. The introductory pricing is good through approximately May 15, 1995; after that, the price will be raised to $495. Delphi Client/Server is $1999.

Of course, if you buy through a reseller, you will probably pay less. According to Borland, "Delphi is available through the following US resellers: CompUSA, Best Buy, Elek-Tek, Computer City, Babbages, Software Etc., Fry's, Electronics Boutique, Corporate Software, ASAP Software Express, Egghead Software, Softmart, Software Spectrum, CDW, PC Connection, Programmer's Paradise, Programmer's Warehouse, ProVantage Shop, and Micro Warehouse."

10 :: What if I do not have a CD-ROM drive?

Borland will ship Delphi on 3.5" floppy diskettes, but they charge extra for them. The resellers I have spoken to only carry the CD-ROM version because they don't want to have to stock two different items. I got my copy on CD, but the CD has directories on it called DISK1 through DISK15, so I assume it would be 15 diskettes if you got it that way. If you don't get the CD, you won't get the stuff they use to fill up space on the CD, like an AVI file of an animated spinning Delphi logo.