General Accounting Question:
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What is payroll?


Payroll deals with paying your employees (including seeing that the government gets the monies they require you to withhold from the employees and the payroll taxes they require you to pay).

If you have occasional employees, or even one or two full- or part-time, you can get by recording the payroll transactions in the General Journal. The typical transaction is <date> <cash / amt– labor-expense / amt+... withholding / amt–... accrued-tax / amt–... tax-expense / amt+...> <comments>, where <comments> include who you paid and the hours they worked. Labor-expense, withholding, accrued-taxes, and tax-expense include multiple accounts as we'll get into below.

If you have more than a couple of employees it definitely pays to set up a Payroll system.

A Payroll system involves a Payroll Journal — in which payroll is accrued, i.e., held in an "owed" state (like an open vendor invoice) until paid, and a Payroll Disbursements Journal — in which the actual payments to the employees are recorded.

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What is the difference between journal voucher and contra?Suppose we are a trading company providing devices and some times after sales service. when any defect came we just replace the hardware from another defective device and getting the payment from the customer. how can we account that? is there any tax implications for this?