Top x86 Interview Preparation Guide
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x86 Interview Questions and Answers will guide us now that x86 refers to a family of instruction set architectures based on the Intel 8086. x86 architecture is a variable instruction length, primarily two-address CISC design with emphasis on backward compatibility. The instruction set is not typical CISC however, but basically an extended and orthogonalized version of the simple eight bit 8008, 8080, and 8085 architectures. Learn more about x86 with x86 Interview Questions with Answers guide

28 x86 Questions and Answers:

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Top  x86 Job Interview Questions and Answers
Top x86 Job Interview Questions and Answers

1 :: What are level-triggering interrupt?

RST 6.5 & RST 5.5 are level-triggering interrupts.

2 :: Give examples for 8 / 16 / 32 bit Microprocessor?

8-bit Processor - 8085 / Z80 / 6800;
16-bit Processor - 8086 / 68000 / Z8000;
32-bit Processor - 80386 / 80486

3 :: Why 8085 processor is called an 8 bit processor?

Because 8085 processor has 8 bit ALU (Arithmetic Logic Review). Similarly 8086 processor has 16 bit ALU.

4 :: What is 1st / 2nd / 3rd / 4th generation processor?

The processor made of PMOS / NMOS / HMOS / HCMOS technology is called 1st / 2nd / 3rd / 4th generation processor, and it is made up of 4 / 8 / 16 / 32 bits.

5 :: Define HCMOS?

High-density n- type Complimentary Metal Oxide Silicon field effect transistor.

6 :: What does microprocessor speed depend on?

The processing speed depends on DATA BUS WIDTH.

7 :: Is the address bus unidirectional?

The address bus is unidirectional because the address information is always given by the Micro Processor to address a memory location of an input / output devices.

8 :: Is the data bus is Bi-directional?

The data bus is Bi-directional because the same bus is used for transfer of data between Micro Processor and memory or input / output devices in both the direction.

9 :: What is the disadvantage of microprocessor?

It has limitations on the size of data. Most Microprocessor does not support floating-point operations.

10 :: What is the difference between microprocessor and microcontroller?

In Microprocessor more op-codes, few bit handling instructions. But in Microcontroller: fewer op-codes, more bit handling Instructions, and also it is defined as a device that includes micro processor, memory, & input / output signal lines on a single chip.

the basic architectural difference is that microcontroller has an programmable memory while it is not the case with microprocessors.

11 :: What is meant by LATCH?

Latch is a D- type flip-flop used as a temporary storage device controlled by a timing signal, which can store 0 or 1. The primary function of a Latch is data storage. It is used in output devices such as LED, to hold the data for display.

To Store monitor programs.

12 :: What are the static and dynamic hazards in logic circuits?

If for a short period of time circuits goes to some different logic level then it is supposed to have then it is called static hazard.e.g. If the final logic value of output of a given circuit becomes one even if it is supposed to be zero then it is called Static-0 Hazard and vice versa. Dynamic Hazard is the one in which the circuit output goes to some other logic level more than once then finally settling down to some appropriate level.

13 :: What is difference between primary & secondary storage device?

In primary storage device the storage capacity is limited. It has a volatile memory. In secondary storage device the storage capacity is larger. It is a nonvolatile memory. Primary devices are: RAM / ROM. Secondary devices are: Floppy disc / Hard disk.

14 :: Difference between static and dynamic RAM?

Static RAM: No refreshing, 6 to 8 MOS transistors are required to form one memory cell, Information stored as voltage level in a flip flop. Dynamic RAM: Refreshed periodically, 3 to 4 transistors are required to form one memory cell, Information is stored as a charge in the gate to substrate capacitance.

15 :: What is interrupt?

Interrupt is a signal send by external device to the processor so as to request the processor to perform a particular work.

A signal informing a program that an event has occurred. When a program receives an interrupt signal, it takes a specified action (which can be to ignore the signal).

16 :: What is cache memory?

Cache memory is a small high-speed memory. It is used for temporary storage of data & information between the main memory and the CPU (center processing unit). The cache memory is only in RAM.

Cache memory is random access memory (RAM) that a computer microprocessor can access more quickly than it can access regular RAM. As the microprocessor processes data, it looks first in the cache memory and if it finds the data there.

17 :: What is called Scratch pad of computer?

Cache Memory is scratch pad of computer.

18 :: Which transistor is used in each cell of EPROM?

Floating ?gate Avalanche Injection MOS (FAMOS) transistor is used in each cell of EPROM.

19 :: Differentiate between RAM and ROM?

RAM: Read / Write memory, High Speed, Volatile Memory. ROM: Read only memory, Low Speed, Non Voliate Memory.

20 :: Explain compiler?

Compiler is used to translate the high-level language program into machine code at a time. It doesn?t require special instruction to store in a memory, it stores automatically. The Execution time is less compared to Interpreter.

A compiler is a program that translates a source program written in some high-level programming language (such as Java) into machine code for some computer architecture (such as the Intel Pentium architecture).

21 :: Which processor structure is pipelined?

All x86 processors have pipelined structure.

22 :: What is flag?

Flag is a flip-flop used to store the information about the status of a processor and the status of the instruction executed most recently

A software or hardware mark that signals a particular condition or status. A flag is like a switch that can be either on or off. The flag is said to be set when it is turned on.

23 :: What is stack?

Stack is a portion of RAM used for saving the content of Program Counter and general purpose registers.

LIFO stacks, also known as "push down" stacks, are the conceptually simplest way of saving information in a temporary storage location for such common computer operations as mathematical expression evaluation and recursive subroutine calling.

24 :: Can ROM be used as stack?

ROM cannot be used as stack because it is not possible to write to ROM.

25 :: It was calculated that 75 men could complete a piece of work in 20 days. When work was scheduled to commence, it was found necessary to send 25 men to another project. How much longer will it take to complete the work?

30 days.Explanation:Before:One day work = 1 / 20One man?s one day work = 1 / ( 20 * 75)Now:No. f workers = 50One day work = 50 * 1 / ( 20 * 75)The total no. of days required to complete the work = (75 * 20) / 50 = 30.
x86 Interview Questions and Answers
28 x86 Interview Questions and Answers