Java Multi-Threading Question:
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What is thread synchronization?

Answer:

In multithreading, the shared resources are allocated to one thread at a time.
multiple thread ensuring that the shared resources will be allocated to only one thread at a time is called thread synchronization.
The synchronized keyword is used to define the critical block in which every Java object get a lock to enter.

Syntax:

Synchronized(object) // object is reference of the object to be synchronized
{
// statement to be synchronized.
}
The synchronized keyword provides locking which maintain the mutual exclusive access of shared resource and race of objects for data.

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