Domain Name System (DNS) Interview Preparation Guide
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DNS frequently Asked Questions by expert members with experience in Domain Name System (DNS). These interview questions and answers on DNS will help you strengthen your technical skills, prepare for the interviews and quickly revise the concepts. So get preparation for the DNS job interview

21 DNS Questions and Answers:

1 :: Do you know what is the use of Domain Name System?

- Domain Name Systems are used to help users in finding the location of the web page over the internet.

- It provides a unique address that is in the form of strings of numbers and it uniquely identifies a web page.

- The address that is being used called as IP address and IP is the protocol used to transfer the information over the network.

- Domain Name systems makes it easy for the user to remember the name and access the web pages easily.

- DNS is an alternate way to provide easy to remember IP addresses and use them to access the web-services easily.

2 :: Do you know what are the rules for registration of .biz, .com, .info, .name, .net and .org names?

- The domain names can be registered without any restriction and provide open secure channel to file the names for registration.

- The domain names that are shown differently used for different domains and industries that involves the internet infrastructure.

- The activities for the registration being performed on the basis of domains that needs to be taken for example .org.

- There are different domains with different purposes like .org is used for non-commercial organizations and .biz for business purposes.

- After domain registration some legal forms need to be filled to register the domain with the registrar after checking the availability.

3 :: Explain what is the role of ICANN in Domain Names?

- ICANN is a non-profit organization that has the responsibilities to manage all the technical functions.

- It manages the technical functions and includes the overall management of the Internet Domain Name System.

- It has registrars accredited with the ICANN and they all follow a uniform dispute resolution policy in case two companies fight for same registered name.

- The disputes are being handled by ICANN and it also provides the resources to register the domain and proceed with all the legal process.

- ICANN provides security and deals with the cases that come as a dispute in the court for legal purposes.

4 :: Tell me what are the steps involved in registering the domain?

- To register the domains the registering of the entry into the directory is being placed where the domain names can be registered according to the computers.

- Domain names are used to provide a way to access the web pages and they end with .aero, .biz, .com, .coop, .info, .museum, .name, .net, .org, or .pro.

- The domain names can be registered using different registrars or companies that deal in registration process.

- The domain gets registered by providing the information given in the registration process and a record is being maintained for the same.

- The technical information being provided to the registrars get stored to a central directory known as registry.

- The registry gives all the information on different computers that are connected to the Internet and accessing the web site.

5 :: Do you know what is the provision to change the registrars after registering a domain name?

- The provision to register the domain requires sponsorship for the domain name and it requires a time to register it.

- The transfer of the registration process can be done by any registrar and they can provide the sponsorship for the registration.

- The registrars of the accredited by ICANN that is authorized to the register like .aero, .biz, .com, .coop, .info, .museum, .name, .net, .org, or .pro names.

- The registrars that are used to register the domain names offer the services using the resellers program that can provide the assistance for the registration process.

- Registration contract will be accredited with the registrar and it will be his responsibility to maintain the information.

6 :: Can you explain what is the function of WIPO to resolve the disputes taking place?

- ICANN is the organization that looks into the domain names registration and provides an easy way to get it done as well.

- WIPO makes it easier for businesses to do the business without any international legal standards.

- It provides the top level domain management like .com, .net and .org to resolve the dispute that has come up due to some problems.

- It provides a way to negotiate on the laws that are on the national and international level and gets uniformed by some procedures.

- WIPO provides protection to the intellectual property in international market and provide consultancy to the members of Internet community.

- It provides the prepared and published reports to the community that consists of the recommendations that deals with the domain name issues.

7 :: Can you explain what is the nature of domain name disputes?

- Domain name disputes enable the users to find the computers and people in an easy way.

- Domain name has significance that has acquired business demands and identifiers to identify the business and target only the businesses existing.

- These disputes are protected by intellectual property rights that include the rules and regulations to tackle the disputes.

- The disputes rises due to the cybersquatting this provides a way to pre-emptive the registration process for the trademarks by third parties and as a domain names.

- Domain names are registered and targeted for the benefit of other person or company. It is being done by the cybersquatters.

- Domain names are being registered with the same domain names by main cybersquatters and put up for the auctions to illegally use the name of the person or the company to benefit themselves.

8 :: Do you know what are the reasons of having disputes?

The reasons of having disputes are as follows:

- No proper agreement to proceed with the conditions and due to the growing community of internet more and more people are trying to compete with each other.

- No agreement is being given to the organizations for allowing them to register the domain names to use the names that are problematic.

- It allows easy registration of the business but later have practical difficulties to carry on with it due to the name rights, etc.

- The increasing business value is also one of the reasons of disputes for the domain names that is being on the internet.

- More and more cybersquatting taking place that is bringing more disputes between the cybersquatters and businesses those have their name registered.

9 :: Tell me what is the main purpose of gTLD and ccTLD?

- gTLD is the top level domain that comes under the generic website level and it provides the internet address.

- There are seven new gTLDs that has been selected by ICANN termed as Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers.

- ccTLD provides a country code domain that also comes under the top level domain list like .mx for Mexico.

- ccTLDs are administered and monitored independently by the use of authorities and registration process.

- These allow the use of tools to facilitate the online searches for the information related to the country and the domain that are associated with it.

10 :: Tell me what are the rules of registration for the domains like .uk, .in, etc.?

- To register the domain name it is required to know the ccTLDs that are associated with the geographic location.

- There are rules and policies that are registered for the domain names and searching for the domain name happens that are reserved for the countries.

- The checking need to, be done for the registration process from the registrar that offers ccTLD registration services.

- ICANN requires the registration services in the ccTLDs provide the registration and its services.

- It provides the database that is designated to the managers and that includes the complete database.

11 :: Can you explain what is the role of UDRP?

- UDRP stands for Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy that is being given by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN).

- UDRP provides the recommendations and uses the reports made by WIPO. This way the report is being analyzed and certain actions taken on that.

- The Report in the WIPO on the Internet Domain Name Process provides the information of disputes and problems.

- UDRP provides a way to report the problems or conflicts that can come between the trademarks and the domain names.

- The reports produced can be identified by the use of First WIPO Process and it can be addressed more in other alternate port domain.

12 :: Do you know how does UDRP function?

- A trademark holder is involved in the whole process that provides a domain name registration and works under UDRP system.

- The standard disputes are recorded and clauses are being made with terms and conditions using the gTLD domain name registration.

- UDRP allows the complaints to be filed with a resolution service provider and specifies the domain name for which the question is being raised.

- The grounds on which the resolution is being provided include the domain name to be identical or similar to the names of trademarks.

- The respondent is being given the chance to defend the case by putting the views on the allegations and provides a team to assist the respondent on this matter.

13 :: Tell me what are the ways to administer the cases under UDRP?

- UDRP is used to settle the disputes by providing the domain name service provider and it provides facilities for top level domains.

- The top level domains like .com, .net, and .org are the generic domains that consist of policies similar to the URDRP.

- WIPO provides a way to resolve the services for the country code top level domains and it works under the principle of UDRP.

- WIPO domain name process provides a way to address the disputes that is being raised by the protection identifiers other than the trademarks.

- It provides the geographical indications and monitors the overall activities like personal names, trade names or acronyms of international intergovernmental organizations.

14 :: Explain what is the purpose of WIPO providing a resolution service provider?

- WIPO's resolution service provides highly qualified group of teams and requires the administrative procedures.

- This involves the credibility of the WIPO to provide faster resolution of the problems that is being offered.

- The dispute resolution is being given at much faster pace in the courts and it allows the domain to file the case that is made with the online procedure.

- WIPO reduces the cost that is lower than the normal litigation and it provides help to solve certain disputes.

- Filing of the requirements is required to help reduce the costs and provide resolutions for the domain names that involve a single panelist with very less cost.

15 :: Do you know how does WIPO ensure that there is no conflict of interest?

- WIPO provide a way to deal with the dispute by providing a dispute process and administrating it for any changes.

- The communication is being done between the different parties and it keeps several circumstances that provide the resolutions of disputes occurring.

- An appointment of the expert is being reviewed where the issue is being resolved by taking a decision by the expert.

- It involves the independent individuals that decides the cases for each of the individuals and considers the level of dispute.

- Panelists are used to confirm the WIPO dispute process so that certain actions can be taken on the part of the disputes.

16 :: Explain what are the results of the procedures followed by UDRP?

- The result of the procedure follows the domain name to either transfer or the complaint is being denied.

- During the denying of the complaint the respondent is allowed to keep the domain name and can cancel the domain name.

- No monetary damage is being done on the basis of domain name disputes and no provision of injunctive relief is being provided.

- Domain name registrars provide a way to implement the decision in a duration of their time with their appeal in the court.

- The panel that will sit for the decisions will be of accredited registrars who will take the decisions on the basis of disputes.

17 :: Can you explain what are the main function of domain names?

- Domain names provide an easy way to recognize and memorize the names using the numerically addressed Internet resources.

- It is used to address the Internet resources placed on internet or it provides and abstraction that allows the resources to be moved from one place to another in hierarchy.

- It provides a way to move the resources in a topological form and provide the translation to be done using the IP addresses and domain names.

- Domain names provide a way to the registrants to refer to the domain owners for their registration of the domain and have the ownership of it.

18 :: What is the directory structure of the Domain names?

- Domain names are used as a networking concept with addressing and application purpose.

- The domain name is used to represent the Internet Protocol (IP) that provides the resources for the personal computer to allow the accessing of the internet.

- Domain names are represented from the subordinate level and also called as sub-domains that are under the root domain.

- There are three levels of domain names:

- Top level domains are used at the top of the hierarchy and provide a way down to the lowest level in the hierarchy.

- This consists of gTLDs are also known as generic top-level domains and used for very generic domain names like .com, .net and .org.

- This consists of ccTLD are also known as code top-level domains and used to provide code domains.

19 :: Do you know what is the purpose of Domain name space?

- ICANN also known as Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers provide tools to manage the hierarchy.

- The management of it includes the top level domains that are being developed or that are under process.

- The architecture of it is designed using the Internet domain name space as it allows the authorization to be done from the registrars.

- The Domain name space is required to allow the hosting of the files andeasy management through the portal.

- It allows a hierarchical relationship to be maintained and organized in the zones that are being served by the domain name servers.

20 :: Can you explain what are the factors involved in guiding the panelists decisions?

- Panelists are very important people that take the decision on the cases and on the basis of criteria come up with the resolution.

- The UDRP policy is being contained and using the practical examples the disputes can be solved.

- The criteria required are as follows:

- The domain is identical to another domain or it is not clear for the trademark option or the service mark with which the complaint has been registered.

- The respondent of the domain has the rights to have the domain name and for that the offering of goods and services being provided to the respondents with the same name.

- The domain was registered and used in bad faith by other people or company or organization.