Basic Finance Analyst Interview Preparation Guide
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Finance Analyst related Frequently Asked Questions by expert members with job experience as Finance Analyst. These questions and answers will help you strengthen your technical skills, prepare for the new job interview and quickly revise your concepts

59 Finance Analyst Questions and Answers:

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Basic  Finance Analyst Job Interview Questions and Answers
Basic Finance Analyst Job Interview Questions and Answers

1 :: Tell me what makes good financial analysts these days?

A good financial analyst is one who is able to bring out the best from a huge amount of data. A good financial analyst is one who has the capability to transfer the data into a right financial decision about what is to be bought and what is to be sold.

2 :: Tell me what are your thoughts on the recent mortgage crisis?

The mortgage crisis is a product caused by financial engineering. While it is wonderful to create products for shareholders, we also need to create an environment where all stakeholders can benefit. So, the mortgage crisis pains me.

3 :: Tell me when did you start following the stock market?

2007 sophomore year in college. Professor assigned each students 3 companys to research and follow during the semester and prepare the entire business analysis as final project grade.

4 :: Tell us how is the current monetary policy affecting your decision making?

I think I possess adequate qualification and experience required for this position. I m positive that my knowledge and skill will further enhance the analytical and reporting structure of this company. Hence, I consider myself a great fit for this position.

5 :: Why did you choose our company?

When such question is put forward, make sure to emphasize more on the good reputation of the company. Mention that the environment of the company is challenging and you are ready to face challenges. You can also mention that you can work together with the company and help the organization grow.

6 :: Do you have any questions to ask us what we do?

This question usually comes up at the end of the interview and important to be focused. Avoid asking questions related to perks, leave, place of posting, salary and more. Instead, you can ask them about any development or induction programs that take place in the organization. Otherwise, you can also ask for a feedback and mention that you would evaluate and enhance strength and other shortcomings.

7 :: Explain me about a time you failed as Finance Analyst?

I was put in a group one time in school for a project, and some of our members did not mesh well with others, as such, they did not help towards the project, and ultimately the quality of the project ended up being poor because others had to over compensate.

8 :: Please explain what is a deferred tax asset and why might one be created?

Deferred tax asset arises when a company actually pays more in taxes to the IRS than they show as an expense on their income statement in a reporting period.

Differences in revenue recognition, expense recognition (such as warranty expense), and net operating losses (NOLs) can create deferred tax assets.

9 :: Tell me what is the difference between journal entry and a ledger?

The book which has the original entry is called a journal. The book is mandatory one as it has all the transactions that associate to the company for the specific financial year. The journal can also be mentioned as the mother of the ledger. In this scenario, all the accounts are portioned as debit and credit as per rules. The ledger is one which has particular accounts which is taken from the original journal.

10 :: Suppose If you are selected when would you like to join?

When such a question is put forward, make sure to leave the choice to the employer. Ask them their convenient timing to join and be ready for the same. In case, you have any formalities to be completed with the previous employer you can mention the same, but do not drag up in joining the job. So mention the employer that you would join anytime they mention.

11 :: Tell me what are your biggest strengths as Finance Analyst?

This is one main question which helps the employer polish your qualification appropriate to the job role. Mention your knowledge, experience, skill and ability appropriate to the job role. Pen down a list of strong points, which are a perfect match with the job role. Run through the job requirement again and make your strengths related. Mention your strengths in your resume as well as cover letter.

12 :: Explain what challenges are you expecting in this financial analyst position?

The right way to move forward with this question is to mention the ways you would utilize your financial analyst skills and experiences in the job role that you would be hired for. You can mention that you are a person who is boosted by challenges and also possesses the capacity to face any challenges in the career. You can also make a point that you have the skills and knowledge to handle any challenge in the job. Remember to mention the goals as well as challenges you met prior.

13 :: Tell me what profitability models do you find most accurate for forecasting?

It Tottally depends what type of forcast we are doing.... And what is the purpose I.. E if we want accurate forcast with no errors than we need to go with expert panel method and nned to analyse market senarios.. And this method also work in case there is no historical data available w. R. T a new product.. There is a General method used Trend analysis and historical Data sheets to get close to most accurate data forcast.

14 :: Why did you leave your last job as Finance Analyst?

You can mention that you have been working for so many years with excellent skills and abilities but have not been promoted at the right time. You can also mention that you are ready to face challenges but your previous job isn’t challenging. Other reasons can be that your company paid you late, or you may have traveling issues and more. Remember not to talk ill about your previous company, or if you had not achieved your task or if you were punished. Let the answer be a genuine one which can be accepted by the employer.

15 :: What is financial modeling?

The usual practice in conducting a financial analysis is called financial modeling. It can also be mentioned as a quantitative analysis which is mainly utilized for asset pricing or for general corporate finance. The important aspect of financial modeling is that hypothetical variables are utilized in the formula so that the impact on economic conditions, profitability, and market behavior can be determined. It is always advisable to present your answers with an example. You can mention that financial modeling can be used to find out the jet fuel cost for airlines for the annual rise of 5% in crude oil for future years.

16 :: Please explain how do you interpret data concerning investment programs?

Well interpreting financial data is one of the main tasks of “Financial Analyst”. For interpreting data affecting investment programs one should have the deep knowledge of current trends in business practices, price, yield, stability and economic influences and have the ability to develop forecast reports, spreadsheets and statistical software packages.

17 :: What do you know about our company and its financial matters?

This is a very important finance question for interview and the candidate needs to prepare for the same. The candidate should make sure to visit the company website, run through the about us page and careers page. To get to know more about the company the candidate should go through the LinkedIn page of the company. To know the latest updates and news about the company, google search as press releases along with the company name. It is not necessary to mention everything you learned, but mention the services and products the company sells. Give a data about the period through which the company has been running the business. Mention the mission statement of the company, the culture of the company, and how the values associate with your personality.

18 :: Explain me what is a deferred tax liability and why might one be created?

Deferred tax liability is a tax expense amount reported on a company’s income statement that is not actually paid to the IRS in that time period, but is expected to be paid in the future. It arises because when a company actually pays less in taxes to the IRS than they show as an expense on their income statement in a reporting period.

Differences in depreciation expense between book reporting (GAAP) and IRS reporting can lead to differences in income between the two, which ultimately leads to differences in tax expense reported in the financial statements and taxes payable to the IRS.

19 :: Explain me do you have experience in annual planning processes?

Yes, I manage the annual budget preparation process. I send out a template to each department heads requesting their budget numbers for the next fiscal year. Once I get all budget requests back, I compile the information into one document and conduct a meeting to review each budget with the CEO, CEO, director of Operations and each of the department heads. Then compile the final numbers and together with the CEO, ratify the budget.

20 :: Tell me why should we hire you for financial analyst position?

For this finance related interview question, the candidate should formulate the answer by associating his skills, education, personality, and experience along with the job role. To answer this question the candidate must understand the job description and also the culture of the company. You can also show that you’re a good team player by linking them with examples. When you do not possess much of skills, experience or qualification, it is important to show your energy and passion. Employers look out for charismatic people who have complete energy and confidence in their speech. And hence, it is mandatory to present yourself as a confident, motivated and energetic individual.

21 :: Tell me how is it possible for a company to show positive net income but go bankrupt?

Two examples include deterioration of working capital (i.e. increasing accounts receivable, lowering accounts payable), and financial shenanigans.

22 :: Tell me how do you feel about travel?

Accounts Receivable Impact Since accounts receivable and inventory are balance sheet items, they do not directly affect your company’s income statement. Fluctuations or changes in these two current assets always appear on the balance sheet and on the cash flow statement. Revenues on the income statement show up as A/Rs or cash on the balance sheet and cash flow statement. The payment of A/Rs by customers converts A/Rs to cash, which in no way impacts the income statement. Inventory Impact As your company sells products, it reflects its inventory costs in the cost of goods sold line item on the income statement. Therefore, any fluctuations or modifications to the cost basis of that inventory will impact the income statement via the cost of goods sold. However, as with A/Rs, the cost of goods sold on the income statement already reflects inventory valuations on the balance sheet, so inventory-level fluctuations do not affect the income statement.

23 :: Explain me the single best evaluation metric for analyzing company stock?

There is no specific answer to this analyst interview question and hence, it is mandatory to mention a reasonable point of evaluation and explain the context for using the metrics. When you estimate a company, mention the first point as the operating margin profit as the metric. Mention that you opt for this metric because it shows the management of the company overall apart from the basic profitability. The price earnings to growth ratio can also be mentioned as a single most complete equity valuation metric. You can give a reason that it considers projected earnings growth rate and also higher ranked commonly used price/ earnings ratio (P/E). Make sure to pick any evaluation metric that you prefer is the best. The main trick in answering this question is explaining the strength of the particular metric that you mention.

24 :: Suppose I buy a piece of equipment, walk me through the impact on the 3 financial statement?

Initially, there is no impact (income statement); cash goes down, while PP&E goes up (balance sheet), and the purchase of PP&E is a cash outflow (cash flow statement)

Over the life of the asset: depreciation reduces net income (income statement); PP&E goes down by depreciation, while retained earnings go down (balance sheet); and depreciation is added back (because it is a non-cash expense that reduced net income) in the cash from operations section (cash flow statement).

25 :: Tell me how do you see Greece's economy unfolding in the next few years due to their recent financial crisis?

If the political scenario in greece get stabilized with the structural reforms there is possibility of coming out of the crisis after the bail out is provided otherwise it seems difficult at the moment.
Finance Analyst Interview Questions and Answers
59 Finance Analyst Interview Questions and Answers